"Palenque sculptors captured the essence of a youthful Pakal the Great in this modeled stucco head, discovered under the sarcophagus in which the king was interred, deep within the Temple of Inscriptions. Broken off at the neck, the head may have been wrenched from a sculpture at the time of the funeral, or it may have been a revered work salvaged from the crippling attack on the city in the mid-7th century."
Mary Miller & Simon Martin, Courtly Art of the Ancient Maya, p. 214
Maya kings were often associated with the Maize God. Here, Pakal is shown here in the guise of the young Maize God. His upswept hair is meant to represent corn leaves on a ripening ear.