Archeological map of the ancient Mayan site of labna

Clickable Map of the Ancient Mayan Site of Labna, Mexico

This map is adopted from H.E.D. Pollock's "The Puuc: An Architectural Survey of the Hill Country of Yucatan and Northern Campeche, Mexico" sponsored by the Carnegie Institution of Washington D.C. (1932-1940).

This map shows the two main architectural complexes forming the core of ancient Labná: the two storied, multi-patio group known as the Palace on the north side and the Mirador-Archway-Plazoletas patio groups on the south. These complexes are linked by a 180 meter long sacbé running between them, and represents a kind of community organization structure which has been described as the Labná plan by archaeologist Nicholas Dunning.

The Bolenchén District where Labná is located is characterized by severe water shortages in the dry season and rich agricultural soils. The question of whether community organization of sites like Labná produce a more resilient culture and a more civilized way of life in comparison with other regions of the Maya area is a fascinating one which has been investigated by archaeologist Manuel Tómas Gallareta Negrón.

This paradoxical situation — communities with expensive buildings, having very high population densities, allegedly close to the maximum carrying capacity of the arable land in a marginal, drought-prone region, at a time when most other lowland Maya regions were facing severe demographic and economic problems — suggests that the Puuc should provide some of the critical answers to questions about community organization among the Maya during the Terminal Classic period.

Manuel Tómas Gallareta Negrón, The Social Organization of Labna, a Classic Maya Community in the Puuc Region of Yucatan, Mexico, Ph.D. Dissertation, Tulane University, 2013

Note: Tómas Gallareta developed the multi-year Labná Project and directed nine archaeological field seasons conducted there between 1991 and 2003. During that time, ceramic sequences were established, settlement patterns investigated, and architectural conservation and restoration of several main buildings, including the Palace, the Sacbé and structures related to the Mirador and Portal Vault patio groups was done.

Palace, West Patio Palace, East Court & North Throne Room Palace, East Facade & East Throne Room Palace, Room 18 with Vision Serpent Palace, View to West from Upper Level Palace, Second Floor with Chultun View of Sacbe and Arch from Palace Eastern End of Palace The East Building Looking toward Palace from Sacbe El Mirador Mirador-Arch Plazoleta East Side of Arch The Arch West Side Residential Complex by Arch