"...the ancient Maya used dance as a major part of their rituals throughout their history. Kings, lords, and commoners danced, dressed in masked costumes that represented the gods, spirits, and ancestors into whom they transformed as they performed. Painters and sculptors depicted dances like these on pots, stelae, lintels, and many other media. "
Schele & Mathews, The Code of Kings, p. 82
NOTE: These dance portraits come from pottery found in royal tombs at Tikal.